Diabetes mellitus type 2 – Symptoms, causes and treatment

  • 3 years   ago
Diabetes mellitus type 2 – Symptoms, causes and treatment

Special areas in the pancreas gland, the Islets of Langerhans, produce a hormone called insulin. This hormone is a protein of little size. Insulin invigorates muscle cells and other body cells to take up glucose from the blood and convert the glucose to glycogen, a sort of starch, and afterward store the glycogen. By need the body cells convert the glycogen to glucose and use it as fuel. Thusly insulin keeps the glucose level in the blood at a typical size. 

By diabetes type 2, the cells in the body don't respond appropriately by incitement from insulin. Accordingly they don't take in enough glucose from the blood to store it or to utilize it as vitality source. This condition is called insulin obstruction. The measure of glucose in the blood in this manner rises. Likewise the insulin creation can ascend to direct the glucose sum down, however this push to decrease the blood glucose isn't sufficiently compelling. On the off chance that the ailment endures for a long time, the insulin creation may exhaust, with the goal that the measure of discharged insulin diminishes. 


The definite component that causes the infection isn't known. There might be an immune system reaction to insulin or to the particles on the cell surfaces that the insulin interfaces with. Be that as it may, these way of life elements can cause the illness: 

- Too high devour of sugar and fat 

- Over-weight 

- Too less exercise over numerous years. 

In this manner diabetes type 2 can be avoided by a correct eating regimen and with ordinary exercise. 


At the point when the glucose take-up into the body cells is decreased, however glucose rather amasses in the blood, the accompanying physiological impacts happen: 

- The body cells don't get enough fuel for the work they will do. 

- The atomic thickness (osmality) of the blood increments. This makes water be hauled out from the body tissues and into the blood. The tissues in this way get dried out and the pee generation increments. 

- The tissues start to separate protein and fat to get vitality, causing weight reduction and solid decrease. 

The indications of diabetes type 2 are a result of these systems. 


Diabetes type 2 is the most widely recognized sort of diabetes, really multiple times more typical than diabetes type 1, where the insulin generation is decreased or halted. The malady normally shows up after the age of 50, however the high sugar and fat expend in western nations these days additionally makes youthful people gain the infection. Side effects of diabetes type 2 come continuously. The side effects are. 

- Increased pee generation 

- Dehydration, that is an absence of water in the body 

- Abnormal high thirst 

- Dry mouth 

- Increased hunger 

- Slow mending of physical wounds 

- Itching in the skin 

- Infections brought about by yeasts 

- Impaired vision 

In the long turn, the infection can cause atherosclerosis with vein narrowing, coronary illness and stroke. 


The treatment of diabetes type 2 is frequently diet with a low sugar sum and weight decrease. These measures will help the weight upon the glucose control of the body with the goal that it figures out how to standardize the glucose levels. In the event that this does not work adequate, meds to bring down the glucose is utilized. 

On the off chance that the insulin generation is diminished, insulin infusions are likewise utilized. 

There are likewise characteristic items in the market that can standardize the glucose level by diabetes type 2. Those items can't mend the infection, yet they can assist the body with regulating the glucose. These items contain minerals that are working segments of chemicals that invigorate the glucose digestion in the body. They additionally contain herbs that have been utilized for quite a while in customary medication to direct the glucose level and have demonstrated their belongings in logical investigations.