HMC cross sectional studies reveal tobacco commonly used among 25.2 % adults in Qatar

  • 6 months   ago
The Hamad Medical Corporation Tobacco Control Center, a World Health Organization Collaborating Center (HMC TCC-WHOCC) recently conducted a cross-sectional study with the title ‘Epidemiology of tobacco use in Qatar: Prevalence and its associated factors’ which showed a result that tobacco commonly used among the adults in Qatar is likely to be 25.2 percent or one in four adults. The research was taken place the same methodology as a study conducted in 2000 that reported a higher usage of tobacco smoking of 36.5 percent in Qatar. The recent Tobacco Control Center research consisted of mixed nationality sample of 7,921 governmental and semi-governmental employees and university students in Qatar (58.4% males and 41.6% females). 
Dr. Ahmad Al Mulla, Head of the HMC’s Tobacco Control Center stated: “Our study set out to determine the prevalence of tobacco use among a population-based sample of adults 18 years old and above in Qatar and to determine the different types of tobacco used. Our investigators also sought to gain a better understanding of tobacco dependency, as well as the age at which smokers began using tobacco products and their reasons of initiation. In this study, the prevalence of current tobacco use (all forms of tobacco products) among adults (citizens and residents) is 25.2 percent and tobacco smoking (cigarette, waterpipe, medwakh and cigar) is 21.5 percent, 15.2 percent lower, than the previous study in 2000.” The most frequently used tobacco products among users were, cigarettes (42.7%), waterpipe (20.9 %) medwakh (3.2%), cigar (0.7%), electronic cigarettes (2%), smokeless tobacco (1.9%), heat-not-burn tobacco (0.3%) and more than one type (28.1%).
In the recently conducted cross-sectional study, the mean age that smokers begin to consume tobacco products was at age 19.7, higher than the 18.1 years of age that was reported in the Global Adult Tobacco Survey in 2013. 
Dr. Al Mulla said that, “The positive reported results in our study may be reflective of the collective efforts and measures taken by the concerned stakeholders to curb tobacco use in the country. These efforts include: the adoption of the WHO’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, implementation of the 2002 anti-tobacco law Qatar and its amendment in 2016, and other programs in line with the Qatar National Vision of 2030, Qatar National Health Strategy 2018-2022 and efforts of the HMC TCC-WHOCC in tobacco control and prevention as well as the efforts of the Ministry of Public Health and the important role of the Primary Health Care Corporation that led to the expansion of their tobacco dependence treatment services,” 
“In addition, the recent introduction of 100 percent tobacco taxes in 2019 reflected positively on the reduction in the tobacco product imports as well as a reduction in tobacco consumption among the general population,” he added. 
Along with the principal investigators who led this research from the HMC TCC-WHOCC, various researchers from Weill Cornell University – Qatar, Institute of Population Health and a researcher from European Oncology Institute in Italy (IEO) contributed to this study as well.